The main concepts and laws of the present-day ecology, the structure and stages of the development of biosphere, the main regularities of the functioning of ecosystems are being considered. Urgent global ecological problems, the main antropogenic factors of degradation of biosphere and the sources of chemical and radiation pollution of the envionment, the impact on the guality of lifeand health of the individual are being analysed in detail. The principles of rational usingnature and the protection of environment, the interrelation between the state of environment and the social problems of an individual and society,the fundamentals of ecological management and audit are elucidated. The importance of ecological upbringing, education and culture of the people in solving ecological problems is revealed. Much attention is devoted to the activities of international organizations talking care of preservation of surroundings,international conferences and the fundamentals of international ecological law.
The textbook is meant for the students of higher educational establishments.